Orthoptists specialise in assessing, diagnosing and treating a variety of eye conditions in very young babies, children, adults and older people. Orthoptists deal with vision problems, eye movement disorders, squints and double vision. They prescribe therapy involving exercises which are aimed at improving visual skills such as eye teaming, binocular coordination, depth perception, focusing and eye- hand coordination. It is also used in the treatment of Amblyopia or lazy eye. Vision therapy is like physical therapy for the entire visual system including the eyes and the parts of the brain that control vision. Optometrists involved in vision therapy use a variety of procedures to correct Neuro-physiological or Neurosensory visual dysfunctions. It is said that 80% of learning occurs through visual stimulation. Early detection of visual problems is important to manage the condition most effectively.
Following diagnosis of a squint, management includes restoring function and improving the cosmetic appearance. This may involve surgery. Squint with Double vision may also occur as a result of Head trauma and Stroke .
Diagnosis of an eye problem is often key in identifying an underlying medical condition. Following diagnosis, treatment is focused on relieving eye symptoms and restoring functional vision.